Palliative & End-of-Life Care
The Research Exchange Group on Palliative and End-of-Life care includes members from community, health system, government, and university who share a common interest in palliative and end-of- life care in Newfoundland and Labrador.
Group Meetings & Presentations
October 13, 2020 at 2:00pm | The Newfoundland and Labrador Context for Palliative and End of Life Care- A Focus Group Discussion | Researchers at NLCAHR's Contextualized Health Research Synthesis Program (CHRSP) are working on an Evidence in Context Report on Experiences in Palliative Care: Home vs. Healthcare Settings. The team has already gathered and synthesized the scientific evidence; all they need to do now is to place that evidence in context for Newfoundland and Labrador - to support relevant local decision making. This is where our Research Exchange Group will come in! Please join us for an important conversation with CHRSP Research Officer Colin Walsh as we explore the following key themes:
• How palliative care is implemented in various Regional Health Authorities in NL
• How hospice care might work in NL.
• What resources are lacking/ needed to improve palliative care in NL?
• What new initiatives in palliative care are currently in the works?
• From the point of view of patients and their families, what are some of the issues surrounding home-based palliative care? Care in hospital?
• What do you see as barriers and facilitators to effective and compassionate palliative care?
• What are some of the local issues that may have an impact on obtaining information about, and getting access to, palliative care services?
• What financial considerations should we be thinking about when it comes to supporting home-based palliative care?
• Other contextual issues that YOU think may be important!
November 10, 2020 | 2:00pm NST | The Last Line of the Story: Reshaping the Conversation around Palliative Care. |Medical School student Hilary Turpin will talk about her dissertation on palliative care which won the Medical School Essay Award for 2020.
January 19, 2021 | 2:30pm NST |Update from the Canadian Society of Palliative Care Physicians | Dr. James Downar, a specialist in critical care and palliative care at the Ottawa Hospital and University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario on the activities of CSPCP (Canadian Society of Palliative Care Physicians)
January 29 2019| Canadian Nurses’ Experiences with Medical Assistance in Dying: Lessons from the Field A team of Canadian nursing research and policy leaders, supported by an international group of co-investigators, undertook a three-year study (2017-2020) of Canadian nurses’ experience with MAiD. The team interviewed 59 nurses that included registered nurses and nurse practitioners from both urban and rural settings, across provinces, and with various experiences around engaging with patients considering, applying for, awaiting and/or undergoing MAiD. This presentation will discuss findings related to the policy, practice, and ethical issues experienced by nurses with this new end-of-life option. Barbara Pesut PhD, RN is a Professor in the School of Nursing at the University of British Columbia, Okanagan and holds a Canada Research Chair in Health, Ethics, and Diversity
January 16, 2019, Dr. Susan MacDonald discussed what happens within the Newfoundland and Labrador healthcare context when patients request medical assistance in dying and provided an overview of the recent report to the Federal Government on Advanced Directives in MAID. In June 2016, the Parliament of Canada passed federal legislation that allows eligible Canadian adults to request medical assistance in dying. Since that time, physicians and nurse practitioners have been able to provide medical assistance in dying. Patients must be fully competent at the time of the procedure. The role of Advance Directives in MAID was not included in the current legislation. This talk included information and a discussion about eligibility, informed consent, and where and how MAiD services are provided in this province. Dr. MacDonald also served on the Council of Canadian Academies' international panel which has provided reports to the Government of Canada regarding Advance Directives in MAID.
- Link to CCA Panel Report on Advance Requests for MAiD
- Link to CCA Panel Report on MAiD for Mature Minors
- Link to CCA Panel Report on MAiD and Mental Disorders
- Link to a Summary Report on MAiD reports listed above
- Link to Dr. MacDonald's CMAJ Article on MAiD
- Link to 8- minute Podcast in which Dr. MacDonald discusses the CMAJ article
February 20, 2019 | Paramedics Providing Palliative Care Initiative with Eastern Health team: Dr. Susan MacDonald, Palliative Medicine, Megan Carey, Project Lead & Heather Lindsay, Provincial Oversight Coordinator Paramedics Providing Palliative Care is a new initiative where trained paramedics provide palliative care patients with the in-home support they require when having a palliative emergency.
March 20, 2019 | Aging and Dying in Place in NL: Next steps for communities interested in becoming a Nav-Care Pilot Site |Co-Presented by Dr. Gail Wideman and Dr. Barb Pesut. | When Dr. Barb Pesut (UBC) presented on the Nav-CARE project to the Research Exchange Group in NOvember 2018, it was notedthat Dr. Pesut and Dr. Gail Wideman (Memorial University’s School of Social Work) are merging their research interests to establish several Nav-CARE pilot sites here in NL with funding to establish a pilot site in each health region. Many of the group members expressed interest in hearing more about next steps. On March 20th, Dr. Pesut joined the group again to provide a brief overview of the Nav-CARE Implementation Toolkit and to discuss more specifically how NL communities or organizations might become involved. The Implementation Toolkit was designed to be a user-friendly resource to assist organizations/communities with the successful implementation, ongoing evaluation, and sustainability of a Nav-CARE program. The users of the Implementation Toolkit will include community and organizational leaders (churches, 50+ clubs, age-friendly committees) and/or program managers or those individuals who have responsibility for starting and/or expanding programs in their organization and community. LINK TO SLIDES
April 17, 2019 | New Research Project: Patient and caregiver experiences with end-of-life care-at-home programs Pablo Navarro and Wendy Lasisi, Research Officers with the Contextualized Health Research Synthesis Program (CHRSP) are researching the experiences of patients and families who chose to have a death at home compared to a death in hospital.
November 21, 2018 | Nav-CARE (Navigation – Connecting, Accessing, Resourcing, Engaging) | Navigating life and aging with chronic illness | Dr. Barbara Pesut, PhD, RN, Professor, School of Nursing, Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) – Health, Ethics and Diversity, University of British Columbia. | Adults living at home with serious illness, particularly those who do not yet qualify for home-based nursing care, often live with unmet needs and heavy symptom burden resulting in poor quality of life. Many do not know the services that are available to assist them. Previous research by Dr. Pesut’s team demonstrated the value of using trained navigators to visit in the home to provide psychosocial support, education, guidance on advance care planning and connection to community and health resources. These navigators engage older adults to identify the services and resources available and to connect them to those resources using a best-fit, client-centred approach.
Links & Resources:
- Palliative Care Grand Rounds - fourth Wednesday of each month, open to all staff at Eastern Health.
- Report on Palliative Care in Canada from the Canadian Institute for Health information
- Online Learning Module of the Canadian Nurses Association on Medical Assistance in Dying
- Policy and Advocacy in Palliative & End of Life Care (Canadian Nurses Association)
- Canadian Virtual Hospice Information & Support on PEOL Care, loss and grief
- Pallium/ LEAP resources
- Advance Care Planning in Canada
- In the LTC program at Eastern Health, the following education is offered:
- Orientation (new employees have a one-hour session on PEOLC)
- LEAP - offered by both health authorities and Government NL
- Compassion Care Companion Volunteer Program
- Personal Care Home Education Program
To bring a diversity of perspectives to the subject: To break down silos and bring diverse perspectives and expertise to bear on research, public engagement, teaching, and learning about palliative and end-of-life care.
To encourage and promote collaboration and networking: To collaborate and work cooperatively across community and university disciplines to share information. The group recognizes the strength that teamwork will bring to practice, research, and to developing best practice approaches to palliative and end-of-life care.
To exchange knowledge: To be a forum for the exchange of research and practice knowledge that will support the development of best practices in palliative and end-of-life care, including: research in progress, existing research literature, and emerging evidence. All evidence will be considered in light of the unique Newfoundland and Labrador context in which access to palliative and end-of-life services may be very different, depending on where people live.
To build research capacity: To promote community collaboration and research readiness, to ensure that research teams can connect with health and community partners on issues identified by the group, to uncover knowledge gaps and opportunities for research.
To identify and promote opportunities for education: To identify educational opportunities and gaps in training and support for palliative care provided in both community and healthcare contexts.
To consider MAID: To include in its focus research that looks into Medical Assistance in Dying, including issues of policy and ethics
To uncover and share best practices: To share information on best practices in palliative and end-of-life care in Canada and globally.
To identify services and programs and to support community and practice: To share information about supports, programs and initiatives being undertaken provincially to inform clinical practice and to improve access to information for people in palliative and end-of-life care and their families. What can be done to help caregivers dealing with death an dying at work or at home? Nurses and other healthcare workers may be dealing with multiple deaths a week or even a day-- we need to consider strategies that will help them cope and will combat compassion fatigue and burnout.
To start an important conversation: The group will discuss strategies to promote early palliative care and to combat palliative care stigma including ways that community and health system partners can approach conversations with patients, families and loved ones about palliative care, including promoting and encouraging people to consider advance care directives.